At Edusites English it is our mission to provide you with insightful and relevant English CPD to drive your team expertise and results strategy. Click below to read about GCSE English Language and Literature AQA, Edexcel, Eduqas and OCR and IGCSE Language and Literature Edexcel and CIE .

Edusites Teacher Guide to CIE IGCSE English Language and Literature - How to Compare and Contrast

Edusites Teacher Guide to CIE IGCSE English Language and Literature - How to Compare and Contrast

The ability to compare and contrast is one of the most important and challenging skills to master for the 9 to 1 English Language and English Literature. Previously compare and contrast techniques was tested only by Controlled Assessment in one of the four units of English Literature: now it reaches across both specifications as detailed below. It takes on much greater significance because some reading passages in English Language and English Literature are unseen.

Where Compare and Contrast Fits

With the 9 to 1 specifications it makes sense to start with the original DfE curriculum order.

English Language IGCE: Bullets 2 & 4

Bullet 2

  • summary and synthesis: identifying the main theme or themes, summarizing ideas and information from a single text; synthesizing from more than one text

Bullet 4

  • comparing texts: comparing two or more texts critically with respect to the rest of the statements about critical reading and comprehension.

‘synthesise’: combine elements into a whole

‘compare’/ ‘contrast’: estimate the similarity/ dissimilarity of two things

In practice bullet 2 is represented as part of AO1 and bullet 4 is wholly represented as AO3.

The objectives are expressed in exactly the same words:

AO1 - Identify and interpret explicit and implicit information and ideas. Select and synthesise evidence from different texts

AO3 - Compare writers’ ideas and perspectives, as well as how these are conveyed, across two or more texts

However, they appear in different ways in each Board’s Specifications.

Select and synthesise evidence from two or more texts.

This is essentially to do with the location and reorganisation of information across two texts by way of recognizing common and/or contrasting facts.

Compare writers’ ideas and perspectives, as well as how these are conveyed, across two or more texts.

This is essentially is a comparison and/ or contrast of topic, theme and style across the two texts.

English Literature: ‘reading comprehension and reading critically’

Bullet 4

  • comparing texts: comparing and contrasting texts studied, referring where relevant to theme, characterization, context (where known), style and literary quality; comparing two texts critically with respect to the rest of the statements about critical reading and comprehension.

Click to read the rest of this article.